During his many wanderings and adventures in Italy, he was at work and when, at Livorno , he became acquainted with the manager Medebac, he determined to pursue the profession of playwriting in order to make a living, he was employed by Medebac to write plays for his theater in Venice. He worked for other managers and produced during his stay in that city some of his most characteristic works, he wrote Momolo Cortesan in By , he had perfected his hybrid style of playwriting; this style was typified in the first Italian comedy of its kind.
After , Goldoni collaborated with the composer Baldassare Galuppi , making significant contributions to the new form of'opera buffa'. Galuppi composed the score for more.
Pietro Metastasio Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi, better known by his pseudonym of Pietro Metastasio , was an Italian poet and librettist , considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti. Metastasio was born in Rome , where his father, Felice Trapassi, a native of Assisi , had taken service in the Corsican regiment of the papal forces. Felice married a Bolognese woman, Francesca Galasti, became a grocer in the Via dei Cappellari; the couple had two daughters.
Pietro, while still a child, is said to have attracted crowds by reciting impromptu verses on a given subject. On one such occasion in , two men of distinction stopped to listen: Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina , famous for legal and literary erudition as well as his directorship of the Arcadian Academy , Lorenzini, a critic of some note. Felice Trapassi was glad to give his son the chance of a good education and introduction into society. Gravina hellenized the boy's name Trapassi into Metastasio, intended his adopted son to be a jurist like himself.
He therefore made the boy learn law. At the same time he cultivated his literary gifts, displayed the youthful prodigy both at his own house and in the Roman coteries. Metastasio soon found himself competing with the most celebrated improvvisatori of his time in Italy.
However, his days full of study and evenings devoted to improvising poetry took a toll on Pietro's health. In country air and the quiet of the southern seashore Metastasio's health revived. Gravina decided that he should never improvise again, but should be reserved for nobler efforts, having completed his education, he might enter into competition with the greatest poets. Metastasio responded to his patron's wishes. At the age of twelve he translated the Iliad into octave stanzas, it was called Giustino , was printed in Caroprese died in Metastasio inherited a fortune of 15, scudi.
At a meeting of the Arcadian Academy, he recited an elegy to his patron, settled down to enjoy his wealth. Metastasio was now twenty. Within two years he increased his reputation, he decided to apply himself to the work of his profession.
In Naples, he entered the office of an eminent lawyer named Castagnola , who exercised severe control over his time and energies. While slaving at the law, Metastasio in composed an epithalamium , also his first musical serenade, Endimione, on the occasion of the marriage of his patroness Donna Anna Francesca Ravaschieri Pinelli di Sangro to the Marchese Don Antonio Pignatelli. In , while Naples was under Austrian rule, the birthday of Empress Elisabeth Christine had to be celebrated with more than ordinary honours, the viceroy asked Metastasio to compose a serenata for the occasion.
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Metastasio kept his authorship secret. Bulgarelli persuaded the poet to give up the law, promised to secure for him fame and independence if he would devote his talents to the musical drama. Here too he studied the art of singing, learned to appreciate the style of such men as Farinelli. Metastasio wrote and his plays were enhanced by being set to music and sung by the greatest singers of the day. On paper, his plots may seem conventional, his situations absurd. Yet the music helps negate these criticisms. Metastasio lived with her husband in Rome. Moved by an affection half maternal, half romantic, by admiration for his talent, she adopted him more passionately than Gravina had done, she took the whole Trapassi family — father, brother, sisters — into her own house.
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She pampered his caprices. Under her influence he wrote in rapid succession Didone abbandonata, Catone in Utica , Alessandro nell' Indie, Semiramide riconosciuta and Artaserse ; these dramas were set to music by the chief composers of the day, performed in the chief towns of Italy. But meanwhile Bulgarelli was growing older, he gained scudi for each opera. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Stanley Sadie.
An interlude. Performed by Sig.
Domenico Sarri , London, printed by J. Hidden categories: Articles containing Italian-language text. Revision History. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Mount Teide , the highest mountain in Spain, is also one of the most visited National Park s in the world. Pages from an libretto for Ernani , with the original Italian lyrics, English translation and musical notation for one of the arias.
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It is also home to the Semperoper Ballett. It is usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream, and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavors. A cocktail glass of ice cream, with whipped cream and a wafer. A yakhchal , an ancient type of ice house, in Yazd , Iran.
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It is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. Chocolate most commonly comes in dark, milk, and white varieties. Paul Gavarni Woman Chocolate Vendor — Man Carrying a Cacao Pod, — Volcanic stone, traces of red pigment. Brooklyn Museum.
Chocolate soon became a fashionable drink of the European nobility after the discovery of the Americas. The morning chocolate by Pietro Longhi ; Venice, — His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Monument to Goldoni in Florence sculpted by Ulisse Cambi. San Pietro a Majella is a church in Naples, Italy. The term may also refer to the adjacent Naples music conservatory, which occupies the premises of the monastery that used to form a single complex with the church.
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Pietro Antonio Domenico Trapassi, better known by his pseudonym of Pietro Metastasio, was an Italian poet and librettist, considered the most important writer of opera seria libretti. Caricature of a performance of Handel's Flavio , featuring three of the best-known opera seria singers of their day: Senesino on the left, diva Francesca Cuzzoni in the centre, and art-loving castrato Gaetano Berenstadt on the right.
Anton Raaff , the German tenor who created the title role in Mozart's Idomeneo , seen here performing a heroic role. Didone abbandonata is an opera libretto in three acts by Pietro Metastasio. It was his first original work and was set to music by Domenico Sarro in The opera was accompanied by the intermezzo L'impresario delle Isole Canarie, also by Metastasio. Didone abbandonata, act 1, scene 5; Francesco Battaglioli Theatres for diverse musical and dramatic presentations began to open in Naples, Italy, in the midth century as part of the general Spanish cultural and political expansion into the kingdom of Naples, which had just become a vicerealm of Spain.
In opera or commedia dell'arte, a prima donna is the leading female singer in the company, the person to whom the prime roles would be given.